The books of 1st and 2nd Chronicles largely parallel the books of 1st and 2nd Samuel as well as 1st and 2nd Kings. However, they try to take a look at the nation of Israel from a spiritual sense, and the people's relationship with Yahweh. The author especially focuses on "how and why" the separation of the United Kingdom happened, along with the reasons behind the destruction and exile of the Southern Kingdom of Judah. The books focus on the lineage of the kings, including David and his descendants, who are the kings of Judah, while ignoring completely the idolatrous kings and the history of the Northern Kingdom. They emphasize godliness, proper worship in the Temple, the reward of the righteous, and the punishment of the unrighteous. They end on the uplifting note that Cyrus had released the Jewish people from captivity and allowed them to return. These books serve not only as a means to recall their history and lineage, but also serve as a warning to the people.
The people of Judah are released from captivity and allowed to return by the Persian King Cyrus. It was King Cyrus, who issued the "Edict of Restoration," which allowed the Jewish people to return to their homeland in Judah and begin the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem, the walls around the city and the Temple. The two books of 1st and 2nd Chronicles are to a large extent, a repetition of matter found in other parts of the Scriptures, especially in 1st Samuel and 2nd Kings. The first nine chapters give a genealogy, or a list of names beginning with Adam. The author pays more attention to the history of the kingdom of Judah, with special reference to the Temple worship. The goal of these two books is to show why God brought destruction on the people, and how the people and their kings abandoned God and His commandments. In addition, these books provide us context and background as we begin the books of Ezra and Nehemiah, both of which take place during the restoration after the seventy years of exile have completed.
David prepares a house for the Ark. The number and order of Levites. Singers are chosen from among the Levites. The Ark is brought with Joy. David dances before the Ark and the people. The Ark is placed and sacrifices offered. David ordains Asaph and the Levites to minister before the Lord. David appoints a noble Psalm to be sung in praise of the Lord.
15:1 David built houses for himself in the City of David; and he prepared a place for the ark of God, and pitched a tent for it. 15:2 Then David said, "No one may carry the ark of God but the Levites, for the Lord has chosen them to carry the ark of God and to minister before Him forever." 15:3 And David gathered all Israel together at Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the Lord to its place, which he had prepared for it. 15:4 Then David assembled the children of Aaron and the Levites: 15:5 of the sons of Kohath, Uriel the chief, and one hundred and twenty of his brethren; 15:6 of the sons of Merari, Asaiah the chief, and two hundred and twenty of his brethren; 15:7 of the sons of Gershom, Joel the chief, and one hundred and thirty of his brethren; 15:8 of the sons of Elizaphan, Shemaiah the chief, and two hundred of his brethren; 15:9 of the sons of Hebron, Eliel the chief, and eighty of his brethren; 15:10 of the sons of Uzziel, Amminadab the chief, and one hundred and twelve of his brethren. 15:11 And David called for Zadok and Abiathar the priests, and for the Levites: for Uriel, Asaiah, Joel, Shemaiah, Eliel, and Amminadab. 15:12 He said to them, "You are the heads of the fathers' houses of the Levites; sanctify yourselves, you and your brethren, that you may bring up the ark of the Lord God of Israel to the place I have prepared for it. 15:13 "For because you did not do it the first time, the Lord our God broke out against us, because we did not consult Him about the proper order." 15:14 So the priests and the Levites sanctified themselves to bring up the ark of the Lord God of Israel. 15:15 And the children of the Levites bore the ark of God on their shoulders, by its poles, as Moses had commanded according to the word of the Lord. 15:16 Then David spoke to the leaders of the Levites to appoint their brethren to be the singers accompanied by instruments of music, stringed instruments, harps, and cymbals, by raising the voice with resounding joy. 15:17 So the Levites appointed Heman the son of Joel; and of his brethren, Asaph the son of Berechiah; and of their brethren, the sons of Merari, Ethan the son of Kushaiah; 15:18 and with them their brethren of the second rank: Zechariah, Ben, Jaaziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattithiah, Elipheleh, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, and Jeiel, the gatekeepers; 15:19 the singers, Heman, Asaph, and Ethan, were to sound the cymbals of bronze; 15:20 Zechariah, Aziel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Unni, Eliab, Maaseiah, and Benaiah, with strings according to Alamoth; 15:21 Mattithiah, Elipheleh, Mikneiah, Obed-Edom, Jeiel, and Azaziah, to direct with harps on the Sheminith; 15:22 Chenaniah, leader of the Levites, was instructor in charge of the music, because he was skillful; 15:23 Berechiah and Elkanah were doorkeepers for the ark; 15:24 Shebaniah, Joshaphat, Nethanel, Amasai, Zechariah, Benaiah, and Eliezer, the priests, were to blow the trumpets before the ark of God; and Obed-Edom and Jehiah, doorkeepers for the ark. 15:25 So David, the elders of Israel, and the captains over thousands went to bring up the ark of the covenant of the Lord from the house of Obed-Edom with joy. 15:26 And so it was, when God helped the Levites who bore the ark of the covenant of the Lord, that they offered seven bulls and seven rams. 15:27 David was clothed with a robe of fine linen, as were all the Levites who bore the ark, the singers, and Chenaniah the music master with the singers. David also wore a linen ephod. 15:28 Thus all Israel brought up the ark of the covenant of the Lord with shouting and with the sound of the horn, with trumpets and with cymbals, making music with stringed instruments and harps. 15:29 And it happened, as the ark of the covenant of the Lord came to the City of David, that Michal, Saul's daughter, looked through a window and saw King David whirling and playing music; and she despised him in her heart.
16:1 So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tabernacle that David had erected for it. Then they offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before God. 16:2 And when David had finished offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord. 16:3 Then he distributed to everyone of Israel, both man and woman, to everyone a loaf of bread, a piece of meat, and a cake of raisins. 16:4 And he appointed some of the Levites to minister before the ark of the Lord, to commemorate, to thank, and to praise the Lord God of Israel: 16:5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, then Jeiel, Shemiramoth, Jehiel, Mattithiah, Eliab, Benaiah, and Obed-Edom: Jeiel with stringed instruments and harps, but Asaph made music with cymbals; 16:6 Benaiah and Jahaziel the priests regularly blew the trumpets before the ark of the covenant of God. 16:7 On that day David first delivered this psalm into the hand of Asaph and his brethren, to thank the Lord: 16:8 Oh, give thanks to the Lord Call upon His name; Make known His deeds among the peoples 16:9 Sing to Him, sing psalms to Him; Talk of all His wondrous works 16:10 Glory in His holy name; Let the hearts of those rejoice who seek the Lord 16:11 Seek the Lord and His strength; Seek His face evermore 16:12 Remember His marvelous works which He has done, His wonders, and the judgments of His mouth, 16:13 O seed of Israel His servant, You children of Jacob, His chosen ones 16:14 He is the Lord our God; His judgments are in all the earth. 16:15 Remember His covenant forever, The word which He commanded, for a thousand generations, 16:16 The covenant which He made with Abraham, And His oath to Isaac,