The book of Joshua is named after Joshua (Hoshea) the son of Nun, who was the successor of Moses. Joshua was born in Egypt prior to the Exodus. The book of Joshua gives us the account of how the children of Israel entered the land of Canaan from the east, passing through the river Jordan. The Israelites crossed the Jordan river as the waters miraculously opened for them by the power of God. It also relates how the pagan people groups that made up the Canaanites of the land were conquered, and how their land was divided among the tribes of Israel. The people had been wandering the desert for forty years, the generation who rebelled against God and refused to enter the Promised Land had all died out. In addition, Aaron and Miriam the brother and sister of Moses had also died, and lastly Moses himself has died. However, prior to his death, Moses had passed the mantle of leadership to Joshua.
Joshua was chosen by God to lead the people as the successor to Moses, and God was with Joshua like He was with Moses. However, the Bible tells us it was only with Moses, "that God spoke face to face." Joshua is leading the next generation into the land of Canaan as they crossed the Jordan river. This was a significant moment, because when the previous generation rebelled against God, one of their claims was that God was trying to kill their children in the desert. As part of their discipline, God allowed only their children to be the ones who would enter and conquer the Promised Land.
Prior to entering the Promised Land the kingdoms of Sihon and Og were crushed, these were part of the remnant of the giants. As the people crossed the Jordan river, its then that they truly started to become the nation of Israel. Once crossing the Jordan river the city states of Ai and Jericho crumble, and Joshua leads the people to victory over the southern coalition of city states as well as the northern coalition of city states. At the time of Joshua's death a great deal of Canaan has been conquered and Israel really stands as the dominate power in Canaan. However, there are some western fortifications and some people groups in the mountain regions that have not been taken. These groups loom as a threat to Israel's future. Joshua divides the land, then admonishes the people to continue to follow the Lord and to complete the conquest as the Lord commanded. However, shortly after the death of Joshua and the death of those leaders who supported Joshua, the people fail to heed Joshua's warnings and they abandon the conquest of Canaan.
The lot assigned to Ephraim. They let the Canaanites dwell among them. The portion of the half tribe of Manasseh. The inheritance to the daughters of Zelophehad. Israel allows the Canaanites to become tributaries. Manasseh and Ephraim require a greater portion of heritage. The tabernacle set in Shiloh. Certain men are sent from each tribe to divide the land. The lot assigned to the children of Benjamin. The portion of Simeon. The portion of Zebulun. The portion of Issachar. The portion of Asher. The portion of Naphtali. The portion of Dan. The possession of Joshua.
16:1 The lot fell to the children of Joseph from the Jordan, by Jericho, to the waters of Jericho on the east, to the wilderness that goes up from Jericho through the mountains to Bethel, 16:2 then went out from Bethel to Luz, passed along to the border of the Archites at Ataroth, 16:3 and went down westward to the boundary of the Japhletites, as far as the boundary of Lower Beth Horon to Gezer; and it ended at the sea. 16:4 So the children of Joseph, Manasseh and Ephraim, took their inheritance. 16:5 The border of the children of Ephraim, according to their families, was thus: The border of their inheritance on the east side was Ataroth Addar as far as Upper Beth Horon. 16:6 And the border went out toward the sea on the north side of Michmethath; then the border went around eastward to Taanath Shiloh, and passed by it on the east of Janohah. 16:7 Then it went down from Janohah to Ataroth and Naarah, reached to Jericho, and came out at the Jordan. 16:8 The border went out from Tappuah westward to the Brook Kanah, and it ended at the sea. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Ephraim according to their families. 16:9 The separate cities for the children of Ephraim were among the inheritance of the children of Manasseh, all the cities with their villages. 16:10 And they did not drive out the Canaanites who dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwell among the Ephraimites to this day and have become forced laborers.
17:1 There was also a lot for the tribe of Manasseh, for he was the firstborn of Joseph: namely for Machir the firstborn of Manasseh, the father of Gilead, because he was a man of war; therefore he was given Gilead and Bashan. 17:2 And there was a lot for the rest of the children of Manasseh according to their families: for the children of Abiezer, the children of Helek, the children of Asriel, the children of Shechem, the children of Hepher, and the children of Shemida; these were the male children of Manasseh the son of Joseph according to their families. 17:3 But Zelophehad the son of Hepher, the son of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh, had no sons, but only daughters. And these are the names of his daughters: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. 17:4 And they came near before Eleazar the priest, before Joshua the son of Nun, and before the rulers, saying, "The Lord commanded Moses to give us an inheritance among our brothers." Therefore, according to the commandment of the Lord, he gave them an inheritance among their father's brothers. 17:5 Ten shares fell to Manasseh, besides the land of Gilead and Bashan, which were on the other side of the Jordan, 17:6 because the daughters of Manasseh received an inheritance among his sons; and the rest of Manasseh's sons had the land of Gilead. 17:7 And the territory of Manasseh was from Asher to Michmethath, that lies east of Shechem; and the border went along south to the inhabitants of En Tappuah. 17:8 Manasseh had the land of Tappuah, but Tappuah on the border of Manasseh belonged to the children of Ephraim. 17:9 And the border descended to the Brook Kanah, southward to the brook. These cities of Ephraim are among the cities of Manasseh. The border of Manasseh was on the north side of the brook; and it ended at the sea. 17:10 Southward it was Ephraim's, northward it was Manasseh's, and the sea was its border. Manasseh's territory was adjoining Asher on the north and Issachar on the east. 17:11 And in Issachar and in Asher, Manasseh had Beth Shean and its towns, Ibleam and its towns, the inhabitants of Dor and its towns, the inhabitants of En Dor and its towns, the inhabitants of Taanach and its towns, and the inhabitants of Megiddo and its towns-three hilly regions. 17:12 Yet the children of Manasseh could not drive out the inhabitants of those cities, but the Canaanites were determined to dwell in that land. 17:13 And it happened, when the children of Israel grew strong, that they put the Canaanites to forced labor, but did not utterly drive them out. 17:14 Then the children of Joseph spoke to Joshua, saying, "Why have you given us only one lot and one share to inherit, since we are a great people, inasmuch as the Lord has blessed us until now?" 17:15 So Joshua answered them, "If you are a great people, then go up to the forest country and clear a place for yourself there in the land of the Perizzites and the giants, since the mountains of Ephraim are too confined for you." 17:16 But the children of Joseph said, "The mountain country is not enough for us; and all the Canaanites who dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both those who are of Beth Shean and its towns and those who are of the Valley of Jezreel." 17:17 And Joshua spoke to the house of Joseph-to Ephraim and Manasseh-saying, "You are a great people and have great power; you shall not have only one lot, 17:18 "but the mountain country shall be yours. Although it is wooded, you shall cut it down, and its farthest extent shall be yours; for you shall drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots and are strong."
18:1 Now the whole congregation of the children of Israel assembled together at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of meeting there. And the land was subdued before them. 18:2 But there remained among the children of Israel seven tribes which had not yet received their inheritance. 18:3 Then Joshua said to the children of Israel: "How long will you neglect to go and possess the land which the Lord God of your fathers has given you? 18:4 "Pick out from among you three men for each tribe, and I will send them; they shall rise and go through the land, survey it according to their inheritance, and come back to me. 18:5 "And they shall divide it into seven parts. Judah shall remain in their territory on the south, and the house of Joseph shall remain in their territory on the north. 18:6 "You shall therefore survey the land in seven parts and bring the survey here to me, that I may cast lots for you here before the Lord our God. 18:7 "But the Levites have no part among you, for the priesthood of the Lord is their inheritance. And Gad, Reuben, and half the tribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance beyond the Jordan on the east, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave them." 18:8 Then the men arose to go away; and Joshua charged those who went to survey the land, saying, "Go, walk through the land, survey it, and come back to me, that I may cast lots for you here before the Lord in Shiloh." 18:9 So the men went, passed through the land, and wrote the survey in a book in seven parts by cities; and they came to Joshua at the camp in Shiloh. 18:10 Then Joshua cast lots for them in Shiloh before the Lord, and there Joshua divided the land to the children of Israel according to their divisions. 18:11 Now the lot of the tribe of the children of Benjamin came up according to their families, and the territory of their lot came out between the children of Judah and the children of Joseph. 18:12 Their border on the north side began at the Jordan, and the border went up to the side of Jericho on the north, and went up through the mountains westward; it ended at the Wilderness of Beth Aven. 18:13 The border went over from there toward Luz, to the side of Luz (which is Bethel) southward; and the border descended to Ataroth Addar, near the hill that lies on the south side of Lower Beth Horon. 18:14 Then the border extended around the west side to the south, from the hill that lies before Beth Horon southward; and it ended at Kirjath Baal (which is Kirjath Jearim), a city of the children of Judah. This was the west side. 18:15 The south side began at the end of Kirjath Jearim, and the border extended on the west and went out to the spring of the waters of Nephtoah. 18:16 Then the border came down to the end of the mountain that lies before the Valley of the Son of Hinnom, which is in the Valley of the Rephaim on the north, descended to the Valley of Hinnom, to the side of the Jebusite city on the south, and descended to En Rogel. 18:17 And it went around from the north, went out to En Shemesh, and extended toward Geliloth, which is before the Ascent of Adummim, and descended to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben. 18:18 Then it passed along toward the north side of Arabah, and went down to Arabah. 18:19 And the border passed along to the north side of Beth Hoglah; then the border ended at the north bay at the Salt Sea, at the south end of the Jordan. This was the southern boundary. 18:20 The Jordan was its border on the east side. This was the inheritance of the children of Benjamin, according to its boundaries all around, according to their families. 18:21 Now the cities of the tribe of the children of Benjamin, according to their families, were Jericho, Beth Hoglah, Emek Keziz, 18:22 Beth Arabah, Zemaraim, Bethel, 18:23 Avim, Parah, Ophrah, 18:24 Chephar Haammoni, Ophni, and Gaba: twelve cities with their villages; 18:25 Gibeon, Ramah, Beeroth, 18:26 Mizpah, Chephirah, Mozah, 18:27 Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah, 18:28 Zelah, Eleph, Jebus (which is Jerusalem), Gibeath, and Kirjath: fourteen cities with their villages. This was the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families.
19:1 The second lot came out for Simeon, for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. And their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah. 19:2 They had in their inheritance Beersheba (Sheba), Moladah, 19:3 Hazar Shual, Balah, Ezem, 19:4 Eltolad, Bethul, Hormah, 19:5 Ziklag, Beth Marcaboth, Hazar Susah, 19:6 Beth Lebaoth, and Sharuhen: thirteen cities and their villages; 19:7 Ain, Rimmon, Ether, and Ashan: four cities and their villages; 19:8 and all the villages that were all around these cities as far as Baalath Beer, Ramah of the South. This was the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families. 19:9 The inheritance of the children of Simeon was included in the share of the children of Judah, for the share of the children of Judah was too much for them. Therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of that people. 19:10 The third lot came out for the children of Zebulun according to their families, and the border of their inheritance was as far as Sarid. 19:11 Their border went toward the west and to Maralah, went to Dabbasheth, and extended along the brook that is east of Jokneam. 19:12 Then from Sarid it went eastward toward the sunrise along the border of Chisloth Tabor, and went out toward Daberath, bypassing Japhia. 19:13 And from there it passed along on the east of Gath Hepher, toward Eth Kazin, and extended to Rimmon, which borders on Neah. 19:14 Then the border went around it on the north side of Hannathon, and it ended in the Valley of Jiphthah El. 19:15 Included were Kattath, Nahallal, Shimron, Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages. 19:16 This was the inheritance of the children of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages. 19:17 The fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families. 19:18 And their territory went to Jezreel, and included Chesulloth, Shunem, 19:19 Haphraim, Shion, Anaharath,