Foundations of the Faith
Learn About the Foundations of the Christian Faith





"That you may know and believe Me, and understand that I am He. Before Me there was no God formed, nor shall there be after Me. Thus says the Lord, the King of Israel, and his Redeemer, the Lord of hosts: 'I am the First and I am the Last'; besides Me there is no other God. And there are three that bear witness in heaven: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit; and these three are one. Yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live." (Isaiah 43:10, 44:6, 1st John 5:7, 1st Corinthians 8:6)


God is Sovereign Lord Overall

The Westminster Shorter Catechism is one of the most famous and well known definitions about who God is, it says that, "God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable, in his being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and truth." Moreover, the Bible tells us that God has always existed, there was never a time when God did not exist, He is before all things and all things have their existence by and through Him. And the Bible tells us in the first line of the very first chapter, "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth." And in the book of Isaiah, God tells the Prophet Isaiah, "I am the First and I am the Last'; besides Me there is no other God."

God has also given us a name by which He is to be remembered for all generations. The Hebrew word used in the Old Testament is "Yahweh," which means, "I AM" and "Lord." Another Hebrew word used in the Old Testament is "Adon" or "Adonai," which also means Lord and is reserved for God alone. And in the New Testament the Greek word "Kyrios" is used, which also means Lord. These words appear over seven thousand times in our Bible, they both refer to the Lordship of God and both are used in reference to God the Father and to Jesus Christ.

God is not only the Creator of all things, but He is also a relational God. He want's a relationship with His creation. One of the basic concepts of the Bible includes the concept that God not only created all things, but He also binds Himself to all of creation. All of creation is bound to God through a relationship. We can see many examples of this through both the Old and New Testament. When God spoke to Moses in the book of Exodus, He identified himself as the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. He did this to remind Moses and the people that they were His chosen people, because of their covenant relationship with Him.

In the New Testament, in the first chapter of the Apostle John's Gospel account, John calls Jesus the "Word of God." He does so by using the Greek word "Logos," which our Bible translates as "Word." The capitalization indicates this as a personal pronoun in reference to a person. John tells us that, "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made. And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth." In other words, God loved us so much, that He himself, stepped out of eternity and dwelt among us, in order that He could have a relationship with us, and through that relationship, by faith, we could be reconciled back to Him and restore our relationship with God the Father. A relationship that was broken by sin.

The book of Deuteronomy also gives us a confession of faith directly from God. God tells Moses and the nation of Israel, "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one." We should note this statement not only indicates that God is Lord over all, but the word used for "Lord" also indicates that God is not only the Father of all people, but especially of the people of God. The people of God are those who by faith have accepted Jesus and through Him have been reconciled with God and adopted into the family of God by faith. This passage along with other passages in the Bible give us a confession of God's Lordship over all of creation. There is only one God, and the Bible tells us His name is "Yahweh, the Lord." In addition, the New Testament also confesses God's Lordship by telling us that "Jesus is Lord" (Romans 10:9–10; 1st Corinthians 12:3; Philippians 2:11). We should notice too, that the word for Lord used for both Jesus and God the Father are one in the same.

As we read scripture we can see over and over again that when God acts, He often states that He is intervening into human affairs, so that people "shall know that I am the Lord." So we can put this all together and say that the phrase, "God is Lord" is the fundamental confession of the people of God in the Old Testament. While the fundamental confession of the New Testament people of God, is "Jesus is Lord."

In addition, these statements when taken together give us a way of summarizing the main content of the Bible as well as who God is. Together they tell us that "God the Father is Lord, Jesus is Lord and the Holy Spirit is Lord." So, if we want to know the God of Scripture, we must come to know of His triune nature and of His Lordship. Our triune God is the sovereign over all of creation, and the Bible, which is the word of God, tells us that humanity was designed to be in a relationship with God, if we are to lay claim to the abundant life made available to us through Christ Jesus our Lord.



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